This monograph is the first extended work in which the data
on minerals of the Republic
of Macedonia have been
generalized for worldwide readers’ audience. From other hand, the monograph
contains general introduction to mineralogy that makes it useful for people who
start their education in this science: students of geology, amateur
mineralogists and mineral collectors. Thus the monograph is dual-purpose book…
Especially valuable is the chapter where the description of
66 the most interesting mineral localities of the R. Macedonia is given. This
information was almost unknown for the worldwide community of both professional
and amateur mineralogists and this book mainly fills up this blank.
Quantitative chemical composition, XRPD data with unit cell parameters, IR
and/or Raman spectra obtained by the authors of the monograph for all mineral
species and varieties known in the R. Macedonia are presented…
We can enjoy many color photographs of minerals from the R.
Macedonia. It seems valuable because mineral specimens from this country are
not well-known and not widespread in foreign museums and private collections,
and readers find much new information and impressions from these pictures.
The monograph about Macedonian minerals is written in
unique way and its publishing is extraordinary mission. Appearance of such
regional mineralogy book, with many data about spectroscopic and
crystallographic properties presents very important reference not just for
experts of different profile, but also for interested amateurs who tend to
complete their knowledge and arising consciousness about the importance of
natural resources, particularly mineral sources. These are the main reasons to
assume this manuscript as crucial work, not just for the R. Macedonia, but also
precious contribution in description of minerals and its occurrences. Such
effort is extremely rare, even in countries with more extended history of
Numerous experts and amateurs will wait happily and
anxiously for printed version of this book.
This monograph is an exceptional scientific work in the
field of mineralogy and complementary disciplines (geology, petrology,
geochemistry, mine localities) both, from the point of view of its originality
as well as its complexity. Its content and concept offers an extraordinary
opportunity for the scientists and other enthusiasts in mineralogy to learn
more about the localities and mineral wealth of the R. Macedonia as well as to
introduce with the results of the experimental study of the collected minerals.
The beautiful color photographs of the minerals enable the readers to feel the
marvelous beauty of the minerals from the R. Macedonia.
TheRepublicofMacedonia(also termed R. Macedonia in this
monograph) lies in the Alpine–Balkan–Carpathian–Dinaride collision belt. The
country is rich in minerals, dispersed in a large number of oxide, sulfide,
carbonate, sulfate, silicate and other types of ore deposits. For instance,
there is a famous ore deposit Alšar (internationally recognised as Allchar),
near Kavadarci, where 44 mineral species have been identified, five of them
(thallium minerals) present only at this locality in the world. An additional
two unique zinc oxide minerals have also been found in the vicinity of
Nežilovo. Accordingly, the total number of endemic minerals identified in theRepublicofMacedoniais seven.
Despite these rich ore deposits in a relatively small geographical area, the
total number of minerals present in theRepublicofMacedoniahad not been fully established until
recently. There were some incomplete mineral collections, but no complete
record of the minerals from the R. Macedonia was established. Therefore, to
prepare the monograph ofMinerals
from the Republic of Macedonia, the systematic process of the collection,
separation, identification, spectroscopic and structural characterisation of
local minerals was undertaken. The results are presented in this monograph.
The first part (entitledIntroduction
to Mineralogy) presents the terms mineral and mineralogy, mineral formation
processes, crystalline state and chemical compositions of minerals,
crystallography, chemistry of minerals, important physical properties of
minerals, methods for mineral study and identification and mineral
The second part (entitledMinerals
from the Republic of Macedonia) concerns the geological characteristics of
the R. Macedonia and the mineralogical deposits from which the minerals were
collected as well as the results of the detailed study of 78 various mineral
species. A brief description of the main characteristics of 66 mineral deposits
is presented. The origin of all studied individual minerals is also described.
The structural and spectroscopic studies were performed by X-ray powder
diffraction (XRPD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman vibrationalspectroscopy, respectively.
Furthermore, the chemical composition of the minerals was determined by using
an electron X-ray microprobe analyser (details for the used instruments and
methods are presented inExperimental
Section, see page 634). The results are published in 114 scientific papers
mostly in international journals (see section 2.4).
Native elements and various types of oxide, hydroxide, halide, sulfide,
arsenide, antimonide, carbonate, sulfate, molybdate, phosphate, arsenate and
silicate minerals originating from the R. Macedonia were detected, identified
and characterised. Identification was based on comparing the results of our
study with the corresponding literature data for the analogous mineral species originating
from other localities in the world. In general, the comparison of the data was
often challenging for a number of reasons including: the temperatures at which
experiments were performed; the instruments’ resolutions; the studied
vibrational spectral region and/or the 2qregion
of the registered X-ray powder diffraction patterns; the specimen quantity
used; sample preparation, particle size and shape; and the locality where the
specimen was collected from.
The results for each individual mineral are subdivided into two sections. In
the first, the description of the well-known physical and chemical properties
of the corresponding mineral types (including chemical formula, name origin,
colour, hardness, density, cleavage, optical characteristics, crystal forms,
occurrence, etc.) is presented in the introducing table and in the first
paragraph of the text. In the second paragraph of the text, the characteristics
of the corresponding minerals collected from various localities across the R.
Macedonia are provided (e.g. occurrence, association, colour, dimension). The
infrared and Raman spectra,d-values
and the unit cell parameters derived from the X-ray powder diffraction data for
all studied individual minerals are presented as well.
The number of currently identified and described minerals from the R. Macedonia
that were unavailable and not studied systematically by us was 48. A short
description of the physical and chemical properties and a complete list of the
corresponding references concerning these minerals are also presented.
The monograph is illustrated with about 680 colour photographs for all studied
minerals. The photographs of minerals were taken from the mineral collection
deposited at the Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences and
Mathematics, SS Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje (where about 300
mineral samples are available, including all studied 78 mineral species) and
from the mineral collection at the Macedonian Museum of Natural History,
Skopje. Only the photographs of the samples taken from the latter mineral
collection are denoted as MMNH.
entitled Minerals from the Republic of Macedonia with an Introduction to
Mineralogy fully comprises the conducted scientific investigations regarding
the various collected mineral species from the Republic of Macedonia
(78 species). In addition, it also provides full geological description of the
localities where the specimens were collected from (66 localities). The
monograph represents the first systematized, detailed study shedding light on the
mineralogical, spectroscopic, structural and analytical aspects of the mineralogical
wealth of R. Macedonia. To the best of our knowledge, the monograph is the
first world book merging all these mineralogical features and country minerals’
localities. Therefore, its appearance was National interest since it reflects
the mineralogical heritage of one country (R. Macedonia).
represents important interdisciplinary material for the scientists and students
in the fields of geology and mineralogy, crystal chemistry, vibrational
spectroscopy, structural chemistry etc. In addition, the amateur mineralogists
and mineral collectors found the book as very interesting and helpful.
monograph is fully written in English and printed in color on 664 pages (230×300
mm format). The text is combined and presented among 680 wonderful
breath-taking mineral photos, 257 illustrations, 294 tables and 443 cited
references. It summarizes the authors’ investigations carried out in the last 25
years published in 115 original scientific articles, more than half of them
published in the most-prestigious impact factor journals.
The authors of the monograph are: Acad. Gligor
Jovanovski (MacedonianAcademy of Sciences and Arts, Skopje),
Prof. Dr. Blažo Boev (GoceDelčevUniversity,
Faculty of Natural and Technical Sciences, Štip) and Prof. Dr. Petre
Makreski (SS Cyril and MethodiusUniversity,
Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Institute
of Chemistry, Skopje).
The photographs are taken by Robert Jankuloski (Audio Engineering Academy ESRA, Skopje) whereas the author of the
design is Ladislav Cvetkovski (SS Cyril and MethodiusUniversity, Faculty of Fine Arts, Skopje). The referees of the book are world
well-established mineralogists: Prof. Dr. Igor Pekov (Faculty of Geology, LomonosovMoscowStateUniversity,
Moscow), Acad. Vladimir Bermanec (CroatianAcademy
of Sciences and Arts; Faculty of Natural Sciences, Zagreb)
and Prof. Dr. Risto Stojanov (SS Cyril
and MethodiusUniversity, Faculty of Mining and
monograph was promoted in November 2012. The publisher and co-publisher are MacedonianAcademy
of Sciences and Arts, and Skenpoint, AD, Skopje,